The change on the part of the India Phone Number List center-left parties is well known. During the postwar period, Europe's centre-left parties had relatively clear economic profiles, based on the idea that the task of democratic governments was to protect citizens from the negative consequences of capitalism. Specifically, this involved India Phone Number List promoting the Welfare State, market regulation and full employment policies, among other things. Although they tried to attract votes outside the traditional working class, their identities and claims remained class-based. In the late 20th century this began to change, as the center-left India Phone Number List moved toward the center in economic terms, offering.
A watered-down or " kinder, softer " version India Phone Number List of the policies put forth by its center-right competitors. By the late 1990s, according to one study , " Social Democracyhad more in common with its main competitors than with its own positions three decades earlier." As center-left parties watered down their economic policy India Phone Number List stances, they also began to deemphasize class terms. in their speeches, and their leaders emerged less and less from the ranks of the working class and more from a highly educated elite. Although less pronounced and universal, around the same time that the center-left was beginning to shift to India Phone Number List the center on economics, many center-right parties were moderating their positions on social and cultural issues.
A including "traditional" values, immigration India Phone Number List and other concerns related to national identity, on which the center right had taken conservative positions. Christian Democrats, for example, had viewed religious values, as well as traditional views of gender and sexuality, as crucial to their identity. Furthermore, many of these parties understood national identity in cultural or even ethnic terms, and were suspicious India Phone Number List of immigration and multiculturalism. Nevertheless,community activities that they had previously done. Taken together, these shifts in center-left and center-right groupings left many voters without a party to represent their interests, particularly those with left-wing views on India Phone Number List economics and moderate-to-conservative preferences on immigration, among others . others. These voters were concentrated among.